Home » Brasil » Governo » Gilmar Mendes barra prisA?o em 2A? instA?ncia de quatro condenados

Gilmar Mendes barra prisA?o em 2A? instA?ncia de quatro condenados

A decisA?o foi tomada em habeas corpus no dia 5 de marAi??o e beneficiou os condenados que estavam detidos desde junho do ano passado

SA?o Paulo ai??i?? O ministroAi??Gilmar Mendes, do Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF), barrou liminarmente a execuAi??A?o da pena de quatro rAi??us que haviam sido condenados em 2A? instA?ncia, no A?mbito da OperaAi??A?o Catuaba ai??i?? investigaAi??A?o sobre um suposto esquema de sonegaAi??A?o fiscal no setor de bebidas. A decisA?o de Gilmar foi tomada em habeas corpus no dia 5 de marAi??o e beneficiou os condenados que estavam detidos desde junho do ano passado.

Daniel dos Santos Moreira, Eliezer dos Santos Moreira, Raniery Mazzilli Braz Moreira e Maria Madalena Braz Moreira haviam sido condenados pelos crimes de quadrilha, corrupAi??A?o ativa e falsificaAi??A?o de papeis pA?blicos em investigaAi??A?o iniciada em 2004. ApA?s o cumprimento do inAi??cio da pena, os rAi??us entraram com habeas corpus perante o Tribunal Regional Federal da 5A? RegiA?o e perante o Superior Tribunal de JustiAi??a (STJ). Os pedidos foram negados.

Ao recorrer ao Supremo, a defesa dos rAi??us afirmou que o entendimento da Corte mA?xima que permite o cumprimento provisA?rio de pena, apA?s confirmaAi??A?o da condenaAi??A?o em 2A? instA?ncia, nA?o tem ai???efeito vinculanteai???. Os advogados Nelio Machado e JoA?o Francisco Neto destacaram tambAi??m que haveria um recurso especial no STJ, pendente de julgamento, e um recurso extraordinA?rio suspenso.

Em sua decisA?o, Mendes citou dois habeas corpus julgados anteriormente por ministros da Corte, nos quais a execuAi??A?o provisA?ria da pena foi suspensa.

ai???No julgamento do HC 126.292/SP, o ministro Dias Toffoli votou no sentido de que a execuAi??A?o da pena deveria ficar suspensa com a pendA?ncia de recurso especial ao STJ, mas nA?o de recurso extraordinA?rio ao STF. Para fundamentar sua posiAi??A?o, sustentou que a instituiAi??A?o do requisito de repercussA?o geral dificultou a admissA?o do recurso extraordinA?rio em matAi??ria penal, que tende a tratar de tema de natureza individual e nA?o de natureza geral ao contrA?rio do recurso especial, que abrange situaAi??Ai??es mais comuns de conflito de entendimento entre tribunaisai???, relatou o ministro.

Gilmar Mendes apontou ainda para o julgamento de um habeas corpus em 2017. Na ocasiA?o, afirmou o ministro, ele manifestou sua ai???tendA?ncia em acompanhar o ministro Dias Toffoli no sentido de que a execuAi??A?o da pena com decisA?o de segundo grau deve aguardar o julgamento do recurso especial pelo STJai???.

Segundo Gilmar Mendes, seu entendimento aplica-se no caso dos alvos da OperaAi??A?o Catuaba, uma vez que hA? um recurso especial pendente de apreciaAi??A?o perante o STJ. ai???No legAi??timo exercAi??cio da competA?ncia de Ai??ndole constitucional atribuAi??da ao Superior Tribunal de JustiAi??a, nos termos do art. 105, III, e incisos, da ConstituiAi??A?o Federal, Ai?? de se admitir, em tese, a possibilidade do afastamento dessa execuAi??A?o provisA?ria em decorrA?ncia do eventual processamento e julgamento do recurso especialai???, afirmou.

ai???Defiro a medida liminar para suspender o inAi??cio da execuAi??A?o da pena a que foi submetido os pacientes Daniel dos Santos Moreira, Eliezer dos Santos Moreira, Raniery Mazzilli Braz Moreira e Maria Madalena Braz Moreira, que tramita no JuAi??zo da 14A? Vara Federal da SeAi??A?o JudiciA?ria de Patos/Pernambuco, atAi?? o julgamento do mAi??rito deste habeas corpus.ai???

Lula

A presidente do STF, ministra CA?rmen LA?cia, estA? sendo cobrada a pautar a discussA?o sobre prisA?o em segunda instA?ncia na Corte. A pressA?o para que o Supremo firme um entendimento A?nico sobre a possibilidade de prisA?o em segunda instA?ncia aumentou com a proximidade do julgamento, no Tribunal Regional Federal da 4A? RegiA?o (TRF-4), de recurso do ex-presidente Luiz InA?cio Lula da Silva. Nesta terAi??a-feira, 13, questionada sobre o assunto durante evento, CA?rmen disse que nA?o ai???se submeteai??? a pressAi??es.

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