Home » Educação » Enem » Ensino fundamental perde 1,8 milhA?o de matrAi??culas em 5 anos no Brasil, diz censo

Ensino fundamental perde 1,8 milhA?o de matrAi??culas em 5 anos no Brasil, diz censo

O nA?mero de crianAi??as e adolescentes nas escolas pA?blicas e privadas brasileiras caiu nos A?ltimos cinco anos. Dados do Censo Escolar 2017, apresentados nesta quarta-feira, 31, pelo MinistAi??rio da EducaAi??A?o, mostram uma queda global de 45 milhAi??es para 43,7 milhAi??es de matrAi??culas, na comparaAi??A?o com 2013.

As reduAi??Ai??es ocorreram no ensino fundamental (queda de 1,8 milhA?o de matrAi??culas) e no ensino mAi??dio (383 mil). SA? ocorreu expansA?o de matrAi??culas nos estabelecimentos infantis, que registraram um aumento de 902 mil matrAi??culas, chegando a 8,5 milhAi??es no ano passado. A evoluAi??A?o reflete uma mudanAi??a na legislaAi??A?o em 2016, que tornou obrigatA?ria a presenAi??a de 100% das crianAi??as de 4 e 5 anos em escolas.

Os nA?meros do Censo Escolar repassados Ai?? imprensa indicam que a estrutura fAi??sica Ai?? um dos gargalos da educaAi??A?o. Um porcentual de 61,1% das creches nA?o tA?m banheiro adequado Ai?? educaAi??A?o infantil. No ensino fundamental, o levantamento registrou escolas sem vasos sanitA?rios (8,2%), salas de leitura e bibliotecas (45,7%) e laboratA?rios de ciA?ncias (88,5%).

Os problemas de estrutura ocorrem tambAi??m no ensino mAi??dio. Nessa etapa, hA? escolas sem A?gua da rede pA?blica (10,7%), biblioteca (12%), banheiro adequado para estudantes com deficiA?ncia ou mobilidade reduzida (37,%) e laboratA?rios de ciA?ncias (54,6%).

Uma anA?lise dos dados indica que hA? deficiA?ncias tanto na rede pA?blica quanto na privada. Os problemas de estrutura sA?o mais acentuados nas escolas municipais. Na questA?o da falta de biblioteca no ensino fundamental, por exemplo, as escolas federais estA?o em melhor situaAi??A?o (95,7% tA?m salas de livros) ai??i?? as escolas particulares aparecem com 82,2%, seguidas das estaduais (81,1%) e das municipais (38,9%)

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